Redundancy - general information
The information on this page applies only to employers and employees in the WA state industrial relations system. The state system covers businesses which operate as sole traders, unincorporated partnerships, unincorporated trust arrangements as well as any incorporated associations or not for profit bodies that are not trading or financial corporations. The Guide to who is in the WA State System has more detail.
This information does not apply to any business which operates as a Pty Ltd business and is a trading or financial corporation nor to any incorporated association or not for profit body that is a trading or financial corporation. These businesses and organisations are in the national fair work system and should visit the Fair Work Ombudsman website for information on employment laws.
An employee is redundant when their employer has decided that they no longer wish the job the employee has been doing done by anyone. Transferring an employee to a lower paid job because their current job no longer exists is a redundancy.
It is not a redundancy if the employee is dismissed and replaced with another employee.
Employers should not use the premise of redundancy to dismiss an employee whose work performance or conduct is unsatisfactory as this could result in a successful claim of unfair dismissal.
Employers must provide redundant employees with the correct notice period and may be required to provide a redundancy payment. Employers are also required to provide paid leave for job interviews, and meet requirements on providing information and holding discussions with affected employees.
An employee who has been informed that he or she has been or will be made redundant is entitled to paid leave of up to one day off work during each week of the notice period for the purpose of seeking other employment.
After one full day off work with pay, the employer may require the employee to produce proof of attendance at an interview in order to access further paid leave to search for other employment. The employee may provide a statutory declaration for this purpose.
Where an employer has decided to make an employee redundant, the employer must notify the employee in writing and consult with all employees who may be affected by the decision. If an employee nominates a union to represent them, that union must also be notified and consulted.
As soon as reasonably practicable after a decision has been made, the employer needs to inform and consult with employees and any nominated unions in relation to:
- the number and categories of employees likely to be affected
- the period over which the terminations are likely to be carried out
- the reasons for the proposed terminations
- the likely effects on employees
- measures that may be taken by the employer or the employee to avoid or minimise adverse effects on the employees concerned.
Even if a particular employee is not being made redundant, redundancies elsewhere in the workplace may have a significant effect on them. Employees also need to be informed of:
- any major changes in the composition, operation or size of the employer’s workforce, or in the skills required
- any changes which are likely to result in reduced job and promotion opportunities or job tenure
- the alteration of hours of work
- the need for retraining or transfer of employees to other work or locations and the restructuring of jobs.
When providing information the employer is not required to disclose information that may seriously harm the employer's business.
Notification of redundancy to Centrelink
Employers are also required to advise Centrelink when an employer decides to terminate employees on the grounds of redundancy. This should be done as soon as possible, and the employer will need to provide all relevant information about the proposed terminations, including a written statement of the reasons for the terminations, the number and categories of the employees likely to be affected, the number of employees normally employed and the period over which the terminations are intended to be carried out.
Contact Wageline if you need further information about redundancy.
All state system employers are legally required to keep employment records that detail time worked, leave taken and pay received by employees.
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