Two workers were transferring chromic acid solution from an intermediate bulk container (IBC) to another vessel using a submersible sump pump. While the pump was running, the outlet hose came off and sprayed chromic acid at high pressure over the two workers. The chromic acid ran into the workers’ eyes and (particularly as one of them was wearing contact lenses) there was the potential for serious eye injuries.
- The hose was not adequately secured to the pump outlet.
- The workers had no experience in the use of the pump and were not adequately trained in how to safely use the pump. In particular they were not trained in how to correctly secure the hose to the pump outlet.
- The workers were not adequately supervised.
- The workplace did not have safe working procedures / safe systems of work for transferring hazardous chemicals.
- The workers were not supplied with the correct personal protective equipment (PPE) for conducting the task.
- The workplace did not have adequate emergency procedures for dealing with worker exposure to hazardous chemicals.
- The workplace did not have a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the chromic acid solution to which the employees were exposed. The workplace had an MSDS for the solid chromium trioxide material used in the chromic acid solution, and provided this to the initial treating doctor. This information did not adequately inform the doctor of the hazards associated with exposure to the material.
- Ensure safe systems of work (documented procedures) are in place for transferring hazardous chemicals at workplaces. The procedures should specify how to correctly select, prepare, operate, clean and maintain pumping equipment, as well as specify the correct PPE and any other controls required.
- Ensure workers are adequately trained in the safe system of work.
- Ensure inexperienced workers are adequately supervised.
- Develop procedures for dealing with workplace emergencies, including exposure to hazardous chemicals. Ensure workers are trained in the procedures, and the procedures are practiced at regular intervals.
- Ensure that adequate information (eg MSDS or equivalent) is available at the workplace for solutions or process liquors that contain hazardous chemicals to which workers may be exposed.
- Consider the use of specialised chemical pumps, constructed of materials compatible with the hazardous substances transferred at the workplace.
This Alert contains safety information following inquiries made by WorkSafe about an incident or unsafe practice. The information contained in this Alert does not necessarily include the outcome of WorkSafe’s action with respect to an incident. WorkSafe does not warrant the information in this Alert is complete or up to date and does not accept any liability to any person for the information in this report or as to its use.