Vaping - Frequently asked questions
This page contains frequently asked questions about vaping.
Is vaping hazardous?
Yes, vaping can be hazardous. The nature of the hazard will depend upon factors such as the liquid used in the e-cigarette and the health status of the individual.
In 2019, there were 2290 cases of lung injury associated with e-cigarette use reported in the USA including 47 deaths (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention). The US Center for Disease Control (CDC) reported that THC (tetrahydrocannabinol, the main mind-altering ingredient found in the Cannabis plant) was commonly present in the e-cigarettes used by the affected people. Vitamin E Acetate was also commonly present in those e-cigarettes and may be a factor in the health effects.
Studies have shown that some e-cigarettes emit harmful substances such as formaldehyde, heavy metals, particulate matter and flavoring chemicals at levels that have the potential to cause adverse health effects. Chemicals such as propylene glycol and glycerine that have been found in e-cigarettes can produce carcinogens when vapourised. The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) advises that studies show that e-cigarettes expose users and bystanders to particulate matter that may exacerbate existing illnesses or increase the risk of developing diseases such as cardiovascular or respiratory disease.
Nicotine is a dangerous poison. Liquid nicotine refills for e-cigarettes can be dangerous to children, who may be attracted to the packaging or flavouring. Accidental ingestion of 1 tablespoon of these liquids could be fatal. Call triple zero if someone may have been poisoned.
For further information:
- Therapeutic Good Association - Electronic cigarettes
- Department of Health - E-cigarettes linked to severe lung illness
- Cancer Council - E-cigarettes
- National Health and Medical Research Council - Electronic cigarettes
- Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Outbreak of lung injury associated with the use of e-cigarette, or vaping, products
What are the laws related to vaping?
In Western Australia, provisions that relate specifically to e-cigarettes are contained within the Tobacco Products Control Act 2006 and the Medicines and Poisons Act 2014.
Tobacco Products Control Act 2006
It is an offence under the Tobacco Products Control Act 2006 to sell products that resemble tobacco products (whether they contain nicotine or not).
Medicines and Poisons Act 2014
Nicotine is a dangerous poison and regulated under the Medicines and Poisons Act 2014.
Occupational Safety and Health legislation
Section 19(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984 states that employers have a duty of care to as far as practicable provide and maintain a working environment in which employees are not exposed to hazards. This includes the duty to prevent employees’ exposure to potentially hazardous chemicals at the workplace as far as practicable.
The Occupational Safety and Health Regulations 1996 address smoking in enclosed workplaces but do not address the use of e-cigarettes in workplaces.
Employers should consult employees about workplace safety and health issues including the use of e-cigarettes. A similar management approach to that used for smoking may be appropriate, involving a workplace policy, and vaping only in designated outdoor areas.
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